Country Information Denmark
at a glance
civilization and culture
AT A GLANCE
5.5 Million (July 2009)
Copenhagen (508961 Million inhabitants, 2008)
Gross domestic product per capita
US$ 37400 (2008) (PPP)
0.28 per cent (2009)
78,3 years (men: 76 years; women; 80,8 years) (2009)
4.3 per 1000 live births (2009)
Rate of illiteracy
under 1 per cent (2003)
Denmark is a favourite destination both for families and those seeking outdoor adventure. There are opportunities for cycling tours, swimming, surfing, fishing and sailing. The wonderful beaches attract summer holidaymakers from neighbouring countries. There are popular city trips to Copenhagen and Arhus, and the Legoland park is a further attraction. According to UNWTO in the year 2005 approximately 4,6 million guests came into the country and paid 4 billion Euro. The Danes themselves are keen travellers and spent more the 6 billion Euro for holidays in 2002.
Commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism
Denmark is, like most of western Europe a country of origin. That means that some of the tourists from this country travel abroad with the intention of seeking sexual services. There is little information available about the extent of their involvement in the sexual exploitation of children in tourism. There have been reports of Danish tour operators organising trips to the Baltic and eastern Europe with the aim of sexually exploiting children.
Women and children are transported to Denmark by traffickers for sexual exploitation, many of hte victims come from Latvia.
In Denmark, prostitution as such is legal. It is often organised is so-called massage salons, in which the prostitutes are at least 20 years old. Since stricter laws were passed on 1 July 1999 specifying a minimum age of 18, the owners of massage saloons have become very careful about controlling the age of the prostitutes in order to avoid prosecution. Relatively few teenagers go out onto the streets as prostitutes and cases of prostitution under the age of 15 are not known. It is illegal to possess or sell child pornography, and those doing so face prison sentences of up to six and 24 months respectively.
Danes who sexually abuse children in other countries can be prosecuted in Denmark, even for acts that are not illegal in the other country. Denmark ratified the die UN Convention on the Rights of the Child on 19 July 1991. Denmark is also one of six European countries to give legal status to the principle of rearing children without the use of violence.
HIV / Aids
According to estimates from UNAIDS and the World Health Organization, at the end of 2007 approximately 4.800 people in Denmark were infected with HIV, including 1.100 women. How many children were infected, could not be estimated. In the same year less than 100 Danish died following infection with HIV.
Save the Children Denmark
Rosenørns Allé 12
DK - 1634 Copenhagen V, Denmark
Phone: +45 35 36 55 55
Fax: +45 35 39 11 19
Terre des Hommes-Denmark
Gammel Skolevej 9
Phone: +45 98 26 13 02
Fax: +45 98 26 02 28
CIVILIZATION AND CULTURE
The Danes settled the area in the 6th century AD, and during the Viking period they expanded their influence until in the 11th century the united Danish kingdom covered areas now in Germany, Sweden, Great Britain, and Norway. Scandinavia was under Danish rule until 1523, when Sweden became independent. The modern Scandinavian borders were established in the Treaty of Copenhagen in 1660. Denmark gained and lost various other territories, including Norway, in the 19th and 20th centuries. A founder member of Nato, Denmark adopted its current constitution in 1953. It joined the European Economic Community in 1973.
State and society
Denmark has a parliamentary democracy with a monarch as head of state. The monarch, currently Queen Margrethe II, formally appoints the government and represents the country. The Danish parliament, the "Folketing" has a single chamber with 179 members, elected for a period of four years.
Denmark is a member state of the European Union. It is a highly developed industrial nation with a market economy. The state exercises a regulatory function in some areas and offers its citizens extensive services. The standard of living is high in international comparison, and the gap between rich and poor is less than in many other countries. Good financial provisions are made for Danes in illness, unemployment and old age. In addition, there is also support for living costs and child assistance. There is a well-equipped infrastructure in the form of child day-care centres, health facilities, home case and so on.
96 per cent of the population are Danish. Minorities include Turks, Yugoslavians, Africans, Innuit, Faroans and Germans. More than 90 per cent of all Danes are members of the Evangelic-Lutheran Church. There is freedom of belief. In addition to 30 000 Roman Catholics, there are also members of other Protestant groups and some 3 000 Jews in the country. Danish is the official language. Minorities speak Greenlandish, Faro and German. English is widely spoken as a second language.
Men and women are equal before the law. Government support for child day-care, crèches, and flexible working hours for parents make it easier to combine children and work. The rate of employment for mothers in Denmark is the same as for women with no children: 79 per cent of mothers with children below the age of 10 are employed - the majority full time.
Economy Since the end of World War II Denmark has developed from an agricultural economy to a modern industrial state with a thriving services sector. The traditional strengths of Denmark lie in shipping, trading, and in brewing, but mergers in recent years have also created powerful groups in finance, plant engineering, pharmaceuticals, agricultural machine construction, tourism, and foodstuffs. However, the economy is still characterised by medium-sized enterprises.